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Convert::UUlib(3pm) - phpMan

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UUlib(3pm)                     User Contributed Perl Documentation                     UUlib(3pm)

       Convert::UUlib - Perl interface to the uulib library (a.k.a. uudeview/uuenview).

        use Convert::UUlib ':all';

        # read all the files named on the commandline and decode them
        # into the CURRENT directory. See below for a longer example.
        LoadFile $_ for @ARGV;
        for (my $i = 0; my $uu = GetFileListItem $i; $i++) {
           if ($uu->state & FILE_OK) {
             print $uu->filename, "\n";

       Read the file doc/library.pdf from the distribution for in-depth information about the
       C-library used in this interface, and the rest of this document and especially the non-
       trivial decoder program at the end.

   Action code constants
         ACT_IDLE      we don't do anything
         ACT_SCANNING  scanning an input file
         ACT_DECODING  decoding into a temp file
         ACT_COPYING   copying temp to target
         ACT_ENCODING  encoding a file

   Message severity levels
         MSG_MESSAGE   just a message, nothing important
         MSG_NOTE      something that should be noticed
         MSG_WARNING   important msg, processing continues
         MSG_ERROR     processing has been terminated
         MSG_FATAL     decoder cannot process further requests
         MSG_PANIC     recovery impossible, app must terminate

         OPT_VERSION   version number MAJOR.MINORplPATCH (ro)
         OPT_FAST      assumes only one part per file
         OPT_DUMBNESS  switch off the program's intelligence
         OPT_BRACKPOL  give numbers in [] higher precendence
         OPT_VERBOSE   generate informative messages
         OPT_DESPERATE try to decode incomplete files
         OPT_IGNREPLY  ignore RE:plies (off by default)
         OPT_OVERWRITE whether it's OK to overwrite ex. files
         OPT_SAVEPATH  prefix to save-files on disk
         OPT_IGNMODE   ignore the original file mode
         OPT_DEBUG     print messages with FILE/LINE info
         OPT_ERRNO     get last error code for RET_IOERR (ro)
         OPT_PROGRESS  retrieve progress information
         OPT_USETEXT   handle text messages
         OPT_PREAMB    handle Mime preambles/epilogues
         OPT_TINYB64   detect short B64 outside of Mime
         OPT_ENCEXT    extension for single-part encoded files
         OPT_REMOVE    remove input files after decoding (dangerous)
         OPT_MOREMIME  strict MIME adherence
         OPT_DOTDOT    ".."-unescaping has not yet been done on input files
         OPT_RBUF      set default read I/O buffer size in bytes
         OPT_WBUF      set default write I/O buffer size in bytes
         OPT_AUTOCHECK automatically check file list after every loadfile

   Result/Error codes
         RET_OK        everything went fine
         RET_IOERR     I/O Error - examine errno
         RET_NOMEM     not enough memory
         RET_ILLVAL    illegal value for operation
         RET_NODATA    decoder didn't find any data
         RET_NOEND     encoded data wasn't ended properly
         RET_UNSUP     unsupported function (encoding)
         RET_EXISTS    file exists (decoding)
         RET_CONT      continue -- special from ScanPart
         RET_CANCEL    operation canceled

   File States
        This code is zero, i.e. "false":

         UUFILE_READ   Read in, but not further processed

        The following state codes are or'ed together:

         FILE_MISPART  Missing Part(s) detected
         FILE_NOBEGIN  No 'begin' found
         FILE_NOEND    No 'end' found
         FILE_NODATA   File does not contain valid uudata
         FILE_OK       All Parts found, ready to decode
         FILE_ERROR    Error while decoding
         FILE_DECODED  Successfully decoded
         FILE_TMPFILE  Temporary decoded file exists

   Encoding types
         UU_ENCODED    UUencoded data
         B64_ENCODED   Mime-Base64 data
         XX_ENCODED    XXencoded data
         BH_ENCODED    Binhex encoded
         PT_ENCODED    Plain-Text encoded (MIME)
         QP_ENCODED    Quoted-Printable (MIME)
         YENC_ENCODED  yEnc encoded (non-MIME)

   Initializing and cleanup
       Initialize is automatically called when the module is loaded and allocates quite a small
       amount of memory for todays machines ;) CleanUp releases that again.

       On my machine, a fairly complete decode with DBI backend needs about 10MB RSS to decode
       20000 files.

           Not normally necessary, (re-)initializes the library.

           Not normally necessary, could be called at the end to release memory before starting a
           new decoding round.

   Setting and querying options
       $option = GetOption OPT_xxx
       SetOption OPT_xxx, opt-value

       See the "OPT_xxx" constants above to see which options exist.

   Setting various callbacks
       SetMsgCallback [callback-function]
       SetBusyCallback [callback-function]
       SetFileCallback [callback-function]
       SetFNameFilter [callback-function]

   Call the currently selected FNameFilter
       $file = FNameFilter $file

   Loading sourcefiles, optionally fuzzy merge and start decoding
       ($retval, $count) = LoadFile $fname, [$id, [$delflag, [$partno]]]
           Load the given file and scan it for encoded contents. Optionally tag it with the given
           id, and if $delflag is true, delete the file after it is no longer necessary. If you
           are certain of the part number, you can specify it as the last argument.

           A better (usually faster) way of doing this is using the "SetFNameFilter"

       $retval = Smerge $pass
           If you are desperate, try to call "Smerge" with increasing $pass values, beginning at
           0, to try to merge parts that usually would not have been merged.

           Most probably this will result in garbled files, so never do this by default, except:

           If the "OPT_AUTOCHECK" option has been disabled (by default it is enabled) to speed up
           file loading, then you have to call "Smerge -1" after loading all files as an
           additional pre-pass (which is normally done by "LoadFile").

       $item = GetFileListItem $item_number
           Return the $item structure for the $item_number'th found file, or "undef" of no file
           with that number exists.

           The first file has number 0, and the series has no holes, so you can iterate over all
           files by starting with zero and incrementing until you hit "undef".

   Decoding files
       $retval = $item->rename($newname)
           Change the ondisk filename where the decoded file will be saved.

       $retval = $item->decode_temp
           Decode the file into a temporary location, use "$item->infile" to retrieve the
           temporary filename.

       $retval = $item->remove_temp
           Remove the temporarily decoded file again.

       $retval = $item->decode([$target_path])
           Decode the file to it's destination, or the given target path.

       $retval = $item->info(callback-function)

   Querying (and setting) item attributes
       $state    = $item->state
       $mode     = $item->mode([newmode])
       $uudet    = $item->uudet
       $size     = $item->size
       $filename = $item->filename([newfilename})
       $subfname = $item->subfname
       $mimeid   = $item->mimeid
       $mimetype = $item->mimetype
       $binfile  = $item->binfile

   Information about source parts
       $parts = $item->parts
           Return information about all parts (source files) used to decode the file as a list of
           hashrefs with the following structure:

              partno   => <integer describing the part number, starting with 1>,
              # the following member sonly exist when they contain useful information
              sfname   => <local pathname of the file where this part is from>,
              filename => <the ondisk filename of the decoded file>,
              subfname => <used to cluster postings, possibly the posting filename>,
              subject  => <the subject of the posting/mail>,
              origin   => <the possible source (From) address>,
              mimetype => <the possible mimetype of the decoded file>,
              mimeid   => <the id part of the Content-Type>,

           Usually you are interested mostly the "sfname" and possibly the "partno" and
           "filename" members.

   Functions below not documented and not very well tested

       Functions found in this module but not documented in the uulib documentation:

       $msg = straction ACT_xxx
           Return a human readable string representing the given action code.

       $msg = strerror RET_xxx
           Return a human readable string representing the given error code.

       $str = strencoding xxx_ENCODED
           Return the name of the encoding type as a string.

       $str = strmsglevel MSG_xxx
           Returns the message level as a string.

       SetFileNameCallback $cb
           Sets (or queries) the FileNameCallback, which is called whenever the decoding library
           can't find a filename and wants to extract a filename from the subject line of a
           posting. The callback will be called with two arguments, the subject line and the
           current candidate for the filename. The latter argument can be "undef", which means
           that no filename could be found (and likely no one exists, so it is safe to also
           return "undef" in this case). If it doesn't return anything (not even "undef"!), then
           nothing happens, so this is a no-op callback:

              sub cb {
                 return ();

           If it returns "undef", then this indicates that no filename could be found. In all
           other cases, the return value is taken to be the filename.

           This is a slightly more useful callback:

             sub cb {
                return unless $_[1]; # skip "Re:"-plies et al.
                my ($subject, $filename) = @_;
                # if we find some *.rar, take it
                return $1 if $subject =~ /(\w+\.rar)/;
                # otherwise just pass what we have
                return ();

       This is the file "example-decoder" from the distribution, put here instead of more
       thorough documentation.


          # decode all the files in the directory uusrc/ and copy
          # the resulting files to uudst/

          use Convert::UUlib ':all';

          sub namefilter {
             my ($path) = @_;



          sub busycb {
             my ($action, $curfile, $partno, $numparts, $percent, $fsize) = @_;
             print "busy_callback(", (join ",",@_), ")\n";

          SetOption OPT_RBUF, 128*1024;
          SetOption OPT_WBUF, 1024*1024;
          SetOption OPT_IGNMODE, 1;
          SetOption OPT_IGNMODE, 1;
          SetOption OPT_VERBOSE, 1;

          # show the three ways you can set callback functions. I normally
          # prefer the one with the sub inplace.
          SetFNameFilter \&namefilter;

          SetBusyCallback "busycb", 333;

          SetMsgCallback sub {
             my ($msg, $level) = @_;
             print uc strmsglevel $_[1], ": $msg\n";

          # the following non-trivial FileNameCallback takes care
          # of some subject lines not detected properly by uulib:
          SetFileNameCallback sub {
             return unless $_[1]; # skip "Re:"-plies et al.
             local $_ = $_[0];

             # the following rules are rather effective on some newsgroups,
             # like alt.binaries.games.anime, where non-mime, uuencoded data
             # is very common

             # if we find some *.rar, take it as the filename
             return $1 if /(\S{3,}\.(?:[rstuvwxyz]\d\d|rar))\s/i;

             # one common subject format
             return $1 if /- "(.{2,}?\..+?)" (?:yenc )?\(\d+\/\d+\)/i;

             # - filename.par (04/55)
             return $1 if /- "?(\S{3,}\.\S+?)"? (?:yenc )?\(\d+\/\d+\)/i;

             # - (xxx) No. 1 sayuri81.jpg 756565 bytes
             # - (20 files) No.17 Roseanne.jpg [2/2]
             return $1 if /No\.[ 0-9]+ (\S+\....) (?:\d+ bytes )?\[/;

             # try to detect some common forms of filenames
             return $1 if /([a-z0-9_\-+.]{3,}\.[a-z]{3,4}(?:.\d+))/i;

             # otherwise just pass what we have

          # now read all files in the directory uusrc/*
          for(<uusrc/*>) {
             my ($retval, $count) = LoadFile ($_, $_, 1);
             print "file($_), status(", strerror $retval, ") parts($count)\n";

          SetOption OPT_SAVEPATH, "uudst/";

          # now wade through all files and their source parts
          $i = 0;
          while ($uu = GetFileListItem $i) {
             print "file nr. $i";
             print " state ", $uu->state;
             print " mode ", $uu->mode;
             print " uudet ", strencoding $uu->uudet;
             print " size ", $uu->size;
             print " filename ", $uu->filename;
             print " subfname ", $uu->subfname;
             print " mimeid ", $uu->mimeid;
             print " mimetype ", $uu->mimetype;
             print "\n";

             # print additional info about all parts
             for ($uu->parts) {
                while (my ($k, $v) = each %$_) {
                   print "$k > $v, ";
                print "\n";

             print $uu->filename;


             if (my $err = $uu->decode ()) {
                print ", ", strerror $err, "\n";
             } else {
                print ", saved as uudst/", $uu->filename, "\n";

          print "cleanup...\n";


       Marc Lehmann <schmorp AT schmorp.de>, the original uulib library was written by Frank
       Pilhofer <fp AT informatik.de>, and later heavily bugfixed by Marc Lehmann.

       perl(1), uudeview homepage at http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/~fp/uudeview/.

perl v5.20.0                                2011-05-29                                 UUlib(3pm)

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