:: RootR ::  Hosting Order Map Login   Secure Inter-Network Operations  
MIME::Types(3pm) - phpMan

Command: man perldoc info search(apropos)  

MIME::Types(3pm)               User Contributed Perl Documentation               MIME::Types(3pm)

       MIME::Types - Definition of MIME types

          is a Exporter

        use MIME::Types;
        my $mt    = MIME::Types->new(...);    # MIME::Types object
        my $type  = $mt->type('text/plain');  # MIME::Type  object
        my $type  = $mt->mimeTypeOf('gif');
        my $type  = $mt->mimeTypeOf('picture.jpg');
        my @types = $mt->httpAccept('text/html, application/json;q=0.1')

       MIME types are used in many applications (for instance as part of e-mail and HTTP traffic)
       to indicate the type of content which is transmitted.  or expected.  See RFC2045 at

       Sometimes detailed knowledge about a mime-type is need, however this module only knows
       about the file-name extensions which relate to some filetype.  It can also be used to
       produce the right format: types which are not registered at IANA need to use 'x-'

       This object administers a huge list of known mime-types, combined from various sources.
       For instance, it contains all IANA types and the knowledge of Apache.  Probably the most
       complete table on the net!

   MIME::Types and daemons (fork)
       If your program uses fork (usually for a daemon), then you want to have the type table
       initialized before you start forking. So, first call

          my $mt = MIME::Types->new;

       Later, each time you create this object (you may, of course, also reuse the object you
       create here) you will get access to the same global table of types.

           Create a new "MIME::Types" object which manages the data.  In the current
           implementation, it does not matter whether you create this object often within your
           program, but in the future this may change.

            -Option         --Default
             db_file          <installed source>
             only_complete    <false>
             only_iana        <false>
             skip_extensions  <false>

           db_file => FILENAME
           only_complete => BOOLEAN
             Only include complete MIME type definitions: requires at least one known extension.
             This will reduce the number of entries --and with that the amount of memory
             consumed-- considerably.

             In your program you have to decide: the first time that you call the creator ("new")
             determines whether you get the full or the partial information.

           only_iana => BOOLEAN
             Only load the types which are currently known by IANA.

           skip_extensions => BOOLEAN
             Do not load the table to map extensions to types, which is quite large.

       $obj->addType($type, ...)
           Add one or more TYPEs to the set of known types.  Each TYPE is a "MIME::Type" which
           must be experimental: either the main-type or the sub-type must start with "x-".

           Please inform the maintainer of this module when registered types are missing.  Before
           version MIME::Types version 1.14, a warning was produced when an unknown IANA type was
           added.  This has been removed, because some people need that to get their application
           to work locally... broken applications...

           Returns a list of all defined extensions.

           Returns a list of all defined mime-types by name only.  This will not instantiate
           MIME::Type objects.  See types()

           Returns the "MIME::Type" object which belongs to the FILENAME (or simply its filename
           extension) or "undef" if the file type is unknown.  The extension is used and
           considered case-insensitive.

           In some cases, more than one type is known for a certain filename extension.  In that
           case, the preferred one is taken (for an unclear definition of preference)

           example: use of mimeTypeOf()

            my $types = MIME::Types->new;
            my $mime = $types->mimeTypeOf('gif');

            my $mime = $types->mimeTypeOf('picture.jpg');
            print $mime->isBinary;

           Returns the "MIME::Type" which describes the type related to STRING.  [2.00] Only one
           type will be returned.

           [before 2.00] One type may be described more than once.  Different extensions may be
           in use for this type, and different operating systems may cause more than one
           "MIME::Type" object to be defined.  In scalar context, only the first is returned.

           Returns a list of all defined mime-types.  For reasons of backwards compatibility,
           this will instantiate MIME::Type objects, which will be returned.  See listTypes().

   HTTP support
           [2.07] Decompose a typical HTTP-Accept header, and sort it based on the included
           priority information.  Returned is a sorted list of type names, where the highest
           priority type is first.  The list may contain '*/*' (accept any) or a '*' as subtype.

           Ill-formated typenames are ignored.  On equal qualities, the order is kept.  See
           RFC2616 section 14.1


             my @types = $types->httpAccept('text/html, application/json;q=9');

       $obj->httpAcceptBest($accept|\@types, @have)
           [2.07] The $accept string is processed via httpAccept() to order the types on
           preference.  You may also provide a list of ordered @types which may have been the
           result of that method, called earlier.

           As second parameter, you pass a LIST of types you @have to offer.  Those need to be
           MIME::Type objects. The preferred type will get selected.  When none of these are
           accepted by the client, this will return "undef".  It should result in a 406 server


              my $accept = $req->header('Accept');
              my @have   = map $mt->type($_), qw[text/plain text/html];
              my @ext    = $mt->httpAcceptBest($accept, @have);

       $obj->httpAcceptSelect($accept|\@types, @filenames|\@filenames)
           [2.07] Like httpAcceptBest(), but now we do not return a pair with mime-type and
           filename, not just the type.  If $accept is "undef", the first filename is returned.


              use HTTP::Status ':constants';
              use File::Glob   'bsd_glob';    # understands blanks in filename

              my @filenames   = bsd_glob "$imagedir/$fnbase.*;
              my $accept      = $req->header('Accept');
              my ($fn, $mime) = $mt->httpAcceptSelect($accept, @filenames);
              my $code        = defined $mime ? HTTP_NOT_ACCEPTABLE : HTTP_OK;

       The next functions are provided for backward compatibility with MIME::Types versions
       [0.06] and below.  This code originates from Jeff Okamoto okamoto AT corp.com and others.

           This function takes a media type and returns a list or anonymous array of anonymous
           three-element arrays whose values are the file name suffix used to identify it, the
           media type, and a content encoding.

           TYPE can be a full type name (contains '/', and will be matched in full), a partial
           type (which is used as regular expression) or a real regular expression.

           Like "mimeTypeOf", but does not return an "MIME::Type" object. If the file +type is
           unknown, both the returned media type and encoding are empty strings.

           example: use of function by_suffix()

            use MIME::Types 'by_suffix';
            my ($mediatype, $encoding) = by_suffix('image.gif');

            my $refdata = by_suffix('image.gif');
            my ($mediatype, $encoding) = @$refdata;

           This method has been removed: mime-types are only useful if understood by many
           parties.  Therefore, the IANA assigns names which can be used.  In the table kept by
           this "MIME::Types" module all these names, plus the most often used temporary names
           are kept.  When names seem to be missing, please contact the maintainer for inclusion.

       This module is part of MIME-Types distribution version 2.09, built on September 14, 2014.
       Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mimetypes/

       Copyrights 1999,2001-2014 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.  See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

perl v5.20.1                                2014-09-14                           MIME::Types(3pm)

rootr.net - man pages