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APACHE2(8)                                   apache2                                   APACHE2(8)

       apache2 - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server

       apache2 [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ] [ -D parameter ]
       [ -e level ] [ -E file ] [ -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop ] [ -R directory ]
       [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -X ] [ -M ]

       apache2 is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server program. It is designed to
       be run as a standalone daemon process. When used like this it will create a pool of  child
       processes or threads to handle requests.

       In  general,  apache2  should  not  be  invoked directly, but rather should be invoked via
       /etc/init.d/apache2 or apache2ctl. The default Debian configuration  requires  environment
       variables  that  are  defined  in /etc/apache2/envvars and are not available if apache2 is
       started directly.  However, apache2ctl can be used to pass arbitrary arguments to apache2.

       The   full   documentation   is   available   in   the   apache2-doc   package    or    at
       http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/ . Information about Debian specific changes and configu‐
       ration can be found in /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian.gz .

       -d serverroot
              Set the initial value for the ServerRoot directive to serverroot. This can be over‐
              ridden by the ServerRoot directive in the configuration file.

       -f config
              Uses  the directives in the file config on startup. If config does not begin with a
              /, then it is taken to be a  path  relative  to  the  ServerRoot.  The  default  is

       -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop
              Signals  apache2  to start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache for more informa‐

       -C directive
              Process the configuration directive before reading config files.

       -c directive
              Process the configuration directive after reading config files.

       -D parameter
              Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine>  sections  in  the
              configuration files to conditionally skip or process commands at server startup and

       -e level
              Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is  useful  for  temporarily
              increasing the verbosity of the error messages to find problems during startup.

       -E file
              Send error messages during server startup to file.

       -R directory
              When  the  server is compiled using the SHARED_CORE rule, this specifies the direc‐
              tory for the shared object files.

       -h     Output a short summary of available command line options.

       -l     Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not  list  dynamically
              loaded modules included using the LoadModule directive.

       -L     Output  a  list of directives together with expected arguments and places where the
              directive is valid.

       -M     Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.

       -S     Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only shows the virtual‐
              host settings).

       -t     Run  syntax tests for configuration files only. The program immediately exits after
              these syntax parsing tests with either a return code of 0  (Syntax  OK)  or  return
              code  not  equal to 0 (Syntax Error). If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set, details of the
              virtual host configuration will be printed. If -D DUMP_MODULES  is set, all  loaded
              modules will be printed.

       -v     Print the version of apache2, and then exit.

       -V     Print the version and build parameters of apache2, and then exit.

       -X     Run  apache2 in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and the server will not
              detach from the console.

       apache2ctl(8), /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian.gz

Apache HTTP Server                          2008-04-05                                 APACHE2(8)

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