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SETSID(2)                           Linux Programmer's Manual                           SETSID(2)

       setsid - creates a session and sets the process group ID

       #include <unistd.h>

       pid_t setsid(void);

       setsid()  creates a new session if the calling process is not a process group leader.  The
       calling process is the leader of the new session, the process  group  leader  of  the  new
       process  group,  and  has no controlling terminal.  The process group ID and session ID of
       the calling process are set to the PID of the calling process.  The calling  process  will
       be the only process in this new process group and in this new session.

       On success, the (new) session ID of the calling process is returned.  On error, (pid_t) -1
       is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.

       EPERM  The process group ID of any process equals the PID of the calling  process.   Thus,
              in  particular,  setsid()  fails  if the calling process is already a process group

       SVr4, POSIX.1-2001.

       A child created via fork(2) inherits its parent's session ID.  The session ID is preserved
       across an execve(2).

       A  process  group leader is a process with process group ID equal to its PID.  In order to
       be sure that setsid() will succeed, fork(2) and _exit(2), and have the child do setsid().

       setsid(1), getsid(2), setpgid(2), setpgrp(2), tcgetsid(3), credentials(7)

       This page is part of release 3.74 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  information  about  reporting  bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be
       found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                                       2013-02-11                                  SETSID(2)

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