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shtool-scpp(1) - phpMan

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SHTOOL-SCPP.TMP(1)                   GNU Portable Shell Tool                   SHTOOL-SCPP.TMP(1)

       shtool-scpp - GNU shtool C source file pre-processor

       shtool scpp [-v|--verbose] [-p|--preserve] [-f|--filter filter] [-o|--output ofile]
       [-t|--template tfile] [-M|--mark mark] [-D|--define dname] [-C|--class cname] file [file

       This command is an additional ANSI C source file pre-processor for sharing cpp(1) code
       segments, internal variables and internal functions. The intention for this comes from
       writing libraries in ANSI C. Here a common shared internal header file is usually used for
       sharing information between the library source files.

       The operation is to parse special constructs in files, generate a few things out of these
       constructs and insert them at position mark in tfile by writing the output to ofile.
       Additionally the files are never touched or modified. Instead the constructs are removed
       later by the cpp(1) phase of the build process. The only prerequisite is that every file
       has a ``"#include ""ofile"""'' at the top.

       This command provides the following features: First it avoids namespace pollution and
       reduces prototyping efforts for internal symbols by recognizing functions and variables
       which are defined with the storage class identifier ``cname''.  For instance if cname is
       ``intern'', a function ``"intern void *foobar(int quux)"'' in one of the files is
       translated into both a ``"#define foobar __foobar"'' and a ``"extern void *foobar(int
       quux);"'' in ofile. Additionally a global ``"#define" cname "/**/"'' is also created in
       ofile to let the compiler silently ignore this additional storage class identifier.

       Second, the library source files usually want to share "typedef"s, "#define"s, etc.  over
       the source file boundaries. To achieve this one can either place this stuff manually into
       tfile or use the second feature of scpp: All code in files encapsulated with ``"#if "dname
       ...  "#endif"'' is automatically copied to ofile. Additionally a global ``"#define" dname
       0'' is also created in ofile to let the compiler silently skip this parts (because it was
       already found in the header).

       The following command line options are available.

       -v, --verbose
           Display some processing information.

       -p, --preserve
           Preserves ofile independent of the generated ``#line'' lines. This is useful for
           Makefiles if the real contents of ofile will not change, just line numbers. Default is
           to overwrite.

       -f, --filter filter
           Apply one or more pre-processing sed(1) filter commands (usually of type
           ``"s/.../.../"'') to each input file before their input is parsed.  This option can
           occur multiple times.

       -o, --output ofile
           Output file name. Default is "lib.h".

       -t, --template tfile
           Template file name. Default is "lib.h.in".

       -M, --mark mark
           Mark to be replaced by generated constructs. Default is "%%MARK%%".

       -D, --define dname
           FIXME. Default is "cpp".

       -C, --class cname
           FIXME. Default is "intern".

        #   Makefile
        SRCS=foo_bar.c foo_quux.c
        foo_p.h: foo_p.h.in
             shtool scpp -o foo_p.h -t foo_p.h.in \
                         -M %%MARK%% -D cpp -C intern $(SRCS)

        /* foo_p.h.in */
        #ifndef FOO_P_H
        #define FOO_P_H
        #endif /* FOO_P_H */

        /* foo_bar.c */
        #include "foo_p.h"
        #if cpp
        #define OURS_INIT 4711
        intern int ours;
        static int myone = 0815;
        intern int bar(void)
            ours += myone;

        /* foo_quux.c */
        #include "foo_p.h"
        int main(int argc, char *argv[])
            int i;
            ours = OURS_INIT
            for (i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
                printf("ours now %d\n", ours);
            return 0;

       The GNU shtool scpp command was originally written by Ralf S.  Engelschall
       <rse AT engelschall.com> in 1999 for GNU shtool.  Its was prompted by the need to have a pre-
       processing facility in the GNU pth project.

       shtool(1), cpp(1).

18-Jul-2008                                shtool 2.0.8                        SHTOOL-SCPP.TMP(1)

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