wall(1) - phpMan
WALL(1) User Commands WALL(1)
wall - write a message to all users
wall [-n] [-t timeout] [message | file]
wall displays a message, or the contents of a file, or otherwise its standard input, on
the terminals of all currently logged in users. The command will wrap lines that are
longer than 79 characters. Short lines are whitespace padded to have 79 characters. The
command will always put a carriage return and new line at the end of each line.
Only the superuser can write on the terminals of users who have chosen to deny messages or
are using a program which automatically denies messages.
Reading from a file is refused when the invoker is not superuser and the program is suid
Suppress the banner.
-t, --timeout timeout
Abandon the write attempt to the terminals after timeout seconds. This timeout
must be a positive integer. The default value is 300 seconds, which is a legacy
from the time when people ran terminals over modem lines.
Display version information and exit.
Display help text and exit.
Some sessions, such as wdm, that have in the beginning of utmp(5) ut_type data a ':' char‐
acter will not get the message from wall. This is done to avoid write errors.
mesg(1), talk(1), write(1), shutdown(8)
A wall command appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.
The wall command is part of the util-linux package and is available from Linux Kernel
util-linux August 2013 WALL(1)