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multilog(8)                          System Manager's Manual                          multilog(8)

       multilog  -  reads a sequence of lines from stdin and appends selected lines to any number
       of logs.

       multilog script

       script consists of any number of  arguments.  Each  argument  specifies  one  action.  The
       actions  are  carried  out  in order for each line of input. Note that actions may contain
       shell metacharacters that need to be quoted when multilog is run from a shell.

       multilog exits 0 when it sees the end of stdin. If stdin has a  partial  final  line  then
       multilog inserts a final newline.

       multilog  writes  a message to stderr and exits 111, without reading any input, if it runs
       out of memory or if another multilog process is writing to one of the  same  automatically
       rotated logs.

       If multilog has trouble writing to disk after it starts reading input, it writes a message
       to stderr, pauses, and tries again, without losing any data. Note that this may block  any
       program feeding input to multilog.

       If  multilog receives a TERM signal, it will read and process data until the next newline,
       and then exit, leaving stdin at the first byte of data it has not processed.

       Each line is initially selected. The action

              deselects the line if pattern matches the line. The action

              selects the line if pattern matches the line.

       pattern is a string of stars and  non-stars.  It  matches  any  concatenation  of  strings
       matched  by  all  the  stars and non-stars in the same order. A non-star matches itself. A
       star before the end of pattern matches any string that does not include the next character
       in pattern.  A star at the end of pattern matches any string.

       For example, the action


       selects hello. It does not select hello world.

       The action

         -named[*]: Cleaned cache *

       deselects  named[135]:  Cleaned  cache of 3121 RRs. The first star matches any string that
       does not include a right bracket.

       The action


       deselects every line.

       To save memory, multilog actually checks pattern against only the first 1000 characters of
       each line.

       The action

       e      prints (the first 200 bytes of) each selected line to stderr.

       The action

       =file  replaces  the  contents  of file with (the first 1000 bytes of) each selected line,
              padded with newlines to 1001 bytes. There is no protection of  file  against  power

              For example, the sequence of actions


              maintains log/status as a copy of the most recent line starting with STAT.

       The action

       t      inserts  an  @,  a  precise timestamp, and a space in front of each line, using the
              same format as tai64n(8).  This is required to be the first action.

       Patterns apply to the line after the timestamp is inserted. For example, if

         multilog t '-*' '+* fatal: *' ./main

       reads the line

         fatal: out of memory

       then it will log a line such as

         @400000003b4a39c23294b13c fatal: out of memory

       with the first * matching the timestamp.

       You can use tai64nlocal(8) to convert these timestamps to human-readable form.

       If dir starts with a dot or slash then the action

       dir    appends each selected line to a log named dir.  If dir  does  not  exist,  multilog
              creates it.

              Do not attempt to write to one log from two simultaneous multilog processes, or two
              actions in one process.

              The log format is as follows.  dir is a directory containing some number of old log
              files,  a log file named current, and other files for multilog to keep track of its
              actions. Each old log file has a name beginning with @, continuing with  a  precise
              timestamp  showing when the file was finished, and ending with one of the following

       .s     This file is completely processed and safely written to disk.

       .u     This file was being created at the moment of an outage. It may have been  truncated
              and has not been processed.

              Beware  that  NFS, async filesystems, and softupdates filesystems may discard files
              that were not safely written to disk before an outage.

              While multilog is running, current has mode 644. If multilog sees the end of stdin,
              it  writes  current  safely  to  disk, and sets the mode of current to 744. When it
              restarts, it sets the mode of current back to 644 and continues writing new lines.

              When multilog decides that current is big enough, it writes current safely to disk,
              sets the mode of current to 744, and renames current as an old log file. The action

       ssize  sets  the  maximum file size for subsequent dir actions.  multilog will decide that
              current is big enough if current has size bytes.  (multilog will also  decide  that
              current  is  big  enough if it sees a newline within 2000 bytes of the maximum file
              size; it tries to finish log files at line boundaries.)  size must be between  4096
              and 16777215. The default maximum file size is 99999.

              In  versions  0.75  and  above: If multilog receives an ALRM signal, it immediately
              decides that current is big enough, if current is nonempty.  The action

       nnum   sets the number of log files for subsequent dir actions. After renaming current, if
              multilog  sees  num  or  more  old  log files, it removes the old log file with the
              smallest timestamp.  num must be at least 2. The default number of log files is 10.
              The action

              sets  a  processor  for subsequent dir actions.  multilog will feed current through
              processor and save the output as an old log file instead of current.  multilog will
              also  save  any  output that processor writes to descriptor 5, and make that output
              readable on descriptor 4 when it runs processor on the next log file. For reliabil‐
              ity,  processor must exit nonzero if it has any trouble creating its output; multi‐
              log will then run it again. Note that running processor may block any program feed‐
              ing input to multilog.

       supervise(8),  svc(8),  svok(8),  svstat(8),  svscanboot(8),  svscan(8), readproctitle(8),
       fghack(8), pgrphack(8), tai64n(8), tai64nlocal(8), setuidgid(8), envuidgid(8),  envdir(8),
       softlimit(8), setlock(8)



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