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DH_MAKE(8)                           System Manager's Manual                           DH_MAKE(8)

       dh_make - prepare Debian packaging for an original source archive

       dh_make  [-nlsmiadhry]  [-c  license] [-e address] [-f file] [-t directory] [-o directory]
       [-p name] [--copyright license] [--email address]  [--native]  [--file  file]  [--library]
       [--single]  [--indep]  [--multi]  [--kmod]  [--kpatch] [--addmissing] [--yes] [--templates
       directory] [--defaultless] [--overlay directory] [--packagename name] [--rulesformat  for‐
       mat] [--help] [--version]

       dh_make is a tool to convert a regular source code package into one formatted according to
       the requirements of the Debian Policy.  dh_make must be invoked within  a  directory  con‐
       taining  the  source  code, which must be named <packagename>-<version>. The <packagename>
       must be all lowercase, digits and dashes. If the directory name does not conform  to  this
       scheme,  you  must  rename it before using dh_make.  Alternatively, you may be able to use
       the --packagename option to force the package name.

       Classes can be set with the single direct options (such as --s for  single)  or  with  the
       -C,--packageclass option (-C=s for single).

       Single binary (s)
              The package will generate a single binary .deb package. It is the standard case, so
              if you don't know what to do, choose this.

       Arch-Independent (i)
              The package will generate a single package that is arch-independent.

       Multiple binary (m)
              The package will generate multiple binary .deb packages from  one  source  package.
              Choose this for larger packages that need to be split.

       Library (l)
              The  package  will  generate  at least two binaries. One library package containing
              just the lib in /usr/lib and another *-dev_*.deb package  containing  documentation
              and C headers.

       Kernel module (k)
              The  package  will generate a binary-all kernel module -source package for use with
              the make-kpkg(1) command. It also generates a binary package for additional  utili‐
              ties, daemons, etc. that may come with the source.

       Kernel patch
              The package will generate a package that can be used for kernel patches.

       Unless  --native  was  given,  dh_make  makes  sure  a  original source archive (<package‐
       name>_<version>.orig.tar.gz) exists. The archive can either end with .gz  or  one  of  the
       other  supported  compression extensions such as bz2 or lzma.  If no such file exists, the
       file specified with -f is copied in place.  If no -f is supplied either  but  --createorig
       is,   the  current  directory  is  created  into  a  news  archive  ../<packagename>-<ver‐
       sion>.orig.tar.gz The original archive is needed for other Debian tools  to  generate  the
       diffs  to  the original sources required by the Debian packaging format.  Unless there are
       reasons against it, this file should be the pristine upstream archive.

       Then dh_make proceeds to generate a "debian" subdirectory and the necessary control  files
       in  the  program source directory. Those control files are customized with the packagename
       and version extracted from the directory name.

       dh_make makes several attempts to obtain the username. It first checks for the environment
       variables  $DEBFULLNAME,  $LOGNAME  is  used  to  find a name in the /etc/passwd file, and
       through NIS, YP and LDAP.

       The e-mail address can either be specified with the  -fB--email  option  or  dh_make  will
       attempt  to  find  it.  It  will  first check the environment variables $DEBEMAIL and then
       $EMAIL. If they are not set then dh_make will search an  available  LDAP  directory  using
       ldapsearch(1) using $LOGNAME as the uid to search under.  Finally it will use $LOGNAME and
       /etc/mailname to generate an email address.

       dh_make will also generate example files that are also customized for the  package  gener‐
       ated.  You  can  remove  all  files  with  *.ex  if  you  wish.  You  can  also delete the
       README.Debian file if you don't have anything to put in it.  Renaming the example files to
       their  name  without the .ex at the end (and editing them if necessary) will activate that
       feature of debhelper.

       If the --templates or -o (--overlay) option is used dh_make will apply a customizing  tem‐
       plate  to the "debian" directory. See the templates described in the FILES section of this
       manpage for samples.

       -c, --copyright license
              Use license type in copyright file.  license can be gpl, gpl2,  gpl3,  lgpl,  lgpl2
              lgpl3,  artistic, apache, bsd or mit.  If this field is not specified the copyright
              file has a space to fill in which sort of license is used. The field is case-insen‐
              sitive  so  -c GPL works as well as -c gpl. gpl and lgpl will give you version 3 of
              the corresponding license, apache implies Apache v2.0. If you need a different ver‐
              sion, change the license file afterwards or use the gpl2 and lgpl2 options.

       -e, --email address
              Use address as the e-mail address in the Maintainer: field of debian/control file.

       -n, --native
              Create  a  native  Debian  packages, i.e. do not generate a .orig archive, since it
              will be generated when building with dpkg-buildpackage.  The  version  number  will
              not have a Debian revision number (e.g. -1) appended to it.

       -f, --file file
              Use  file  as the original source archive, and skip the copying of the current pro‐
              gram tree to program.orig.

       -l, --library
              Automatically set the package class to Library, skipping the question.

       -s, --single
              Automatically set the package class to Single binary, skipping the question.

       -i, --indep
              Automatically set the package class to arch-independent binary, skipping the  ques‐

       -m, --multi
              Automatically set the package class to Multiple binary, skipping the question.

       -k, --kmod
              Automatically set the package class to Kernel module, skipping the question.

              Automatically set package class to kpatch, skipping the question.

       -a, --addmissing
              Adds missing example and control files on an existing debian source directory.

       -t, --templates directory
              Applies the customizing templates in directory to the debian directory.

       -o, --overlay directory
              Applies a customization template to an existing debian directory.

       -p, --packagename name
              Force  the package name to be name, good for packages with hyphens in their name or
              other strangeness. You can also make the parameter name_version which will set both
              the package name and version and bypass and directory checking.

       -d, --defaultless
              Skips applying the default templates to the target debian directory.

       -h, --help
              Display the name, version, available options and authors, and exit successfully.

       -r, --rulesformat format
              Set  the  format  for  the debian/rules file to format. The options are the default
              Debhelper v7 minimal rules (dh7), the old rules format (old) or CDBS format (cdbs).

       -v, --version
              Show the program name and version, and exit successfully.

       -y, --yes
              Automatic yes to prompts and run non-interactively.  The package class needs to  be
              set for dh_make to run fully automatically.

       The following environment settings are used by dh_make:

              Email address to use in control and changelog entries.

              You  full  name,  eg  "John  Doe"  which  will  appear in the control and changelog

       EMAIL  Email address to use in control and changelog entries, only used if DEBEMAIL is  no

              Default username used for looking up email and full name in other directories.

              Directory that contains all the template files, separated in six directories:

              with files for all package classes,

              with files specific to the Single binary class,

              with files specific to the Multiple binary class,

              with files specific to the Library class, and finally,

              with files specific to the native Debian packages.

              template files for the more common licenses used in Debian packages

       To get dh_make to use the defaults and ask you various questions about the package


       Create your single class package using the with the GPL license:

           dh_make -s -c gpl

       A  more  involved  example  where  you set your name in the environment, contact email and
       license in the options and specify the upstream file:

           DEBFULLNAME="John Doe"
           dh_make --email contact AT example.com --copyright=bsd \
            --file ../foo.tar.gz

       dh_make may not detect your username and email address correctly when using sudo.


       You may also want to read the Debian Policy (in /usr/share/doc/debian-policy ) and the New
       Maintainers' Guide (in /usr/share/doc/maint-guide).

Debian Project                              2012-06-24                                 DH_MAKE(8)

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